Type 316 Stainless Steel
- Austenitic chromium-nickel stainless steel containing molybdenum to increase general corrosion resistance, resistance to pitting and strength at elevated temperatures.
- Properties similar to Type 304 except that Type 316 is somewhat stronger at elevated temperature, and has better corrosion resistance
- Extra low carbon version of Type 316 that eliminates harmful carbide precipitation due to welding
Types 316 and 316L stainless steel are available in:
- Forging Billets
The following specifications are generally applicable:
Sheets and Plates
- ASTM A 167
- ASTM A 240
Bars and Angles
- AMS 5648
- ASTM A 276
- ASTM A 479
Type 316 Stainless Steel Composition & Properties
|Property||Type 316%||Type 316L%|
|Carbon||.08 max||.03 max|
|Manganese||2.00 max||2.00 max|
|Phosphorus||.045 max||.045 max|
|Sulfur||.030 max||.030 max|
|Silicon||1.00 max||1.00 max|
|Chromium||16.0 – 18.0||16.0 – 18.0|
|Nickel||10.0 – 14.0||10.0 – 14.0|
|Molybdenum||2.0 – 3.0||2.0 – 3.0|
|Property||Type 316 Annealed||Type 316L%|
|Ultimate Tensile Strength, psi||85,000||75,000|
|.2% Yield Strength, psi||35,000||30,000|
|Elongation, % in 2?||50-60||50 – 55|
|Reduction of area, %||70||65|
|Endurance Limit, psi||38,000||NA|
|Izod Impact, ft-lbs||95 – 120||NA|
- Widely used in a variety of applications requiring superior corrosion resistance or good elevated temperature strength
- Applications include valve parts, pumps, tanks, evaporators and agitators, textile processing equipment and a wide variety of parts exposed to marine atmospheres
- Type 316 L is used extensively for weldments where its immunity to carbide precipitation due to welding assures optimum corrosion resistance
Type 316 is somewhat more difficult to machine than Type 304 because of its toughness. As large a tool as possible and great amounts of cutting fluid should be used. Heavy feeds at slow speeds will machine best.
Type 316 and 316L have excellent weldability and are readily joined by all methods employed with stainless steel. Weldments of Type 316 may require annealing to restore maximum corrosion reisistance. Type 316L eliminates the necessity for annealing except where required for stress relief.
Types 316 and Type 316L can be readily drawn and formed.
Type 316 provides better corrosion resistance than Type 304. It has excellent resistance to pitting type corrosion such as encountered in sea coast environments. It also has good resistance to most chemicals involved in the paper, textile and photographic industries.
Forging is done by heating to 2200-2300?F and forging. No forging should be done below 1700?F. Material should be cooled rapidly after forging and hot forming.
ANNEALING: Material is heated to 1950-2050° F, cooled rapidly in air or water quenched.